CompTIA Security+ (SY0-501) Exam Questions and Answers

The latest CompTIA Security+ (SY0-501) certification actual real practice exam question and answer (Q&A) dumps are available free, which are helpful for you to pass the CompTIA Security+ (SY0-501) exam and earn CompTIA Security+ (SY0-501) certification.

Question 581: An administrator is configuring access to information located on a network file server named “Bowman”.
The files are located in a folder named “BalkFiles”. The files are only for use by the “Matthews” division and should be read-only. The security policy requires permissions for shares to be managed at the file system layer and also requires those permissions to be set according to a least privilege model. Security policy for this data type also dictates that administrator-level accounts on the system have full access to the files.
The administrator configures the file share according to the following table:

The administrator configures the file share according to the following table
The administrator configures the file share according to the following table

Which of the following rows has been misconfigured?

A. Row 1
B. Row 2
C. Row 3
D. Row 4
E. Row 5

Question 582: A security analyst is investigating a suspected security breach and discovers the following in the logs of the potentially compromised server:

A security analyst is investigating a suspected security breach and discovers the following in the logs of the potentially compromised server
A security analyst is investigating a suspected security breach and discovers the following in the logs of the potentially compromised server

Which of the following would be the BEST method for preventing this type of suspected attack in the future?

A. Implement password expirations
B. Implement restrictions on shared credentials
C. Implement account lockout settings
D. Implement time-of-day restrictions on this server

Question 583: After a merger between two companies a security analyst has been asked to ensure that the organization’s systems are secured against infiltration by any former employees that were terminated during the transition.
Which of the following actions are MOST appropriate to harden applications against infiltration by former employees? (Select TWO)

A. Monitor VPN client access
B. Reduce failed login out settings
C. Develop and implement updated access control policies
D. Review and address invalid login attempts
E. Increase password complexity requirements
F. Assess and eliminate inactive accounts

Question 584: A company has a security policy that specifies all endpoint computing devices should be assigned a unique identifier that can be tracked via an inventory management system. Recent changes to airline security regulations have cause many executives in the company to travel with mini tablet devices instead of laptops. These tablet devices are difficult to tag and track. An RDP application is used from the tablet to connect into the company network.
Which of the following should be implemented in order to meet the security policy requirements?

A. Virtual desktop infrastructure (IDI)
B. WS-security and geo-fencing
C. A hardware security module (HSM)
D. RFID tagging system
E. MDM software
F. Security Requirements Traceability Matrix (SRTM)

Question 585: A technician is configuring a wireless guest network. After applying the most recent changes the technician finds the new devices can no longer find the wireless network by name but existing devices are still able to use the wireless network.
Which of the following security measures did the technician MOST likely implement to cause this Scenario?

A. Deactivation of SSID broadcast
B. Reduction of WAP signal output power
C. Activation of 802.1X with RADIUS
D. Implementation of MAC filtering
E. Beacon interval was decreased

Question 586: A security administrator returning from a short vacation receives an account lock-out message when attempting to log into the computer. After getting the account unlocked the security administrator immediately notices a large amount of emails alerts pertaining to several different user accounts being locked out during the past three days. The security administrator uses system logs to determine that the lock-outs were due to a brute force attack on all accounts that has been previously logged into that machine.
Which of the following can be implemented to reduce the likelihood of this attack going undetected?

A. Password complexity rules
B. Continuous monitoring
C. User access reviews
D. Account lockout policies

Question 587: A bank requires tellers to get manager approval when a customer wants to open a new account. A recent audit shows that there have been four cases in the previous year where tellers opened accounts without management approval. The bank president thought separation of duties would prevent this from happening.
In order to implement a true separation of duties approach the bank could:

A. Require the use of two different passwords held by two different individuals to open an account
B. Administer account creation on a role based access control approach
C. Require all new accounts to be handled by someone else other than a teller since they have different duties
D. Administer account creation on a rule based access control approach

Question 588: During a routine audit, it is discovered that someone has been using a stale administrator account to log into a seldom used server. The person has been using the server to view inappropriate websites that are prohibited to end users.
Which of the following could best prevent this from occurring again?

A. Credential management
B. Group policy management
C. Acceptable use policy
D. Account expiration policy

Question 589: A portable data storage device has been determined to have malicious firmware.
Which of the following is the BEST course of action to ensure data confidentiality?

A. Format the device
B. Re-image the device
C. Perform virus scan in the device
D. Physically destroy the device

Question 590: The Chief Security Officer (CISO) at a multinational banking corporation is reviewing a plan to upgrade the entire corporate IT infrastructure. The architecture consists of a centralized cloud environment hosting the majority of data, small server clusters at each corporate location to handle the majority of customer transaction processing, ATMs, and a new mobile banking application accessible from smartphones, tablets, and the Internet via HTTP. The corporation does business having varying data retention and privacy laws.
Which of the following technical modifications to the architecture and corresponding security controls should be implemented to provide the MOST complete protection of data?

A. Revoke exiting root certificates, re-issue new customer certificates, and ensure all transactions are digitally signed to minimize fraud, implement encryption for data in-transit between data centers
B. Ensure all data is encryption according to the most stringent regulatory guidance applicable, implement encryption for data in-transit between data centers, increase data availability by replicating all data, transaction data, logs between each corporate location
C. Store customer data based on national borders, ensure end-to end encryption between ATMs, end users, and servers, test redundancy and COOP plans to ensure data is not inadvertently shifted from one legal jurisdiction to another with more stringent regulations
D. Install redundant servers to handle corporate customer processing, encrypt all customer data to ease the transfer from one country to another, implement end-to-end encryption between mobile applications and the cloud.

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