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Microsoft Security Operations Analyst SC-200 Exam Questions and Answers – 1

The latest Microsoft Security Operations Analyst SC-200 certification actual real practice exam question and answer (Q&A) dumps are available free, which are helpful for you to pass the Microsoft Security Operations Analyst SC-200 exam and earn Microsoft Security Operations Analyst SC-200 certification.

Microsoft Security Operations Analyst SC-200 Exam Questions and Answers

Question 61

Question

You have a custom analytics rule to detect threats in Azure Sentinel.
You discover that the analytics rule stopped running. The rule was disabled, and the rule name has a prefix of AUTO DISABLED.
What is a possible cause of the issue?

A. There are connectivity issues between the data sources and Log Analytics.
B. The number of alerts exceeded 10,000 within two minutes.
C. The rule query takes too long to run and times out.
D. Permissions to one of the data sources of the rule query were modified.

Answer

D. Permissions to one of the data sources of the rule query were modified.

Reference

Question 62

Question

Your company uses Azure Sentinel.
A new security analyst reports that she cannot assign and dismiss incidents in Azure Sentinel.
You need to resolve the issue for the analyst. The solution must use the principle of least privilege.
Which role should you assign to the analyst?

A. Azure Sentinel Responder
B. Logic App Contributor
C. Azure Sentinel Contributor
D. Azure Sentinel Reader

Answer

A. Azure Sentinel Responder

Reference

Question 63

Question

You have an Azure subscription that contains the resources shown in the following table.

Name Type
VM1 Virtual machine
VNET1 Virtual network
storage1 Storage account
Vault1 Key vault

You plan to enable Azure Defender for the subscription.
Which resources can be protected by using Azure Defender?

A. VM1, VNET1, storage1, and Vault1
B. VM1, VNET1, and storage1 only
C. VM1, storage1, and Vault1 only
D. VM1 and VNET1 only
E. VM1 and storage1 only

Answer

C. VM1, storage1, and Vault1 only

Question 64

Question

Case Study 1 – Contoso Ltd

Overview

A company named Contoso Ltd. has a main office and five branch offices located throughout North America. The main office is in Seattle. The branch offices are in Toronto, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles, and Vancouver.
Contoso has a subsidiary named Fabrikam, Ltd. that has offices in New York and San Francisco.

Existing Environment

End-User Environment
All users at Contoso use Windows 10 devices. Each user is licensed for Microsoft 365. In addition, iOS devices are distributed to the members of the sales team at Contoso.

Cloud and Hybrid Infrastructure
All Contoso applications are deployed to Azure.
You enable Microsoft Cloud App Security.
Contoso and Fabrikam have different Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenants. Fabrikam recently purchased an Azure subscription and enabled Azure Defender for all supported resource types.

Current Problems
The security team at Contoso receives a large number of cybersecurity alerts. The security team spends too much time identifying which cybersecurity alerts are legitimate threats, and which are not.
The Contoso sales team uses only iOS devices. The sales team members exchange files with customers by using a variety of third-party tools. In the past, the sales team experienced various attacks on their devices.
The marketing team at Contoso has several Microsoft SharePoint Online sites for collaborating with external vendors.
The marketing team has had several incidents in which vendors uploaded files that contain malware.
The executive team at Contoso suspects a security breach. The executive team requests that you identify which files had more than five activities during the past 48 hours, including data access, download, or deletion for Microsoft Cloud App Security-protected applications.

Requirements

Planned Changes
Contoso plans to integrate the security operations of both companies and manage all security operations centrally.

Technical Requirements
Contoso identifies the following technical requirements:

  • Receive alerts if an Azure virtual machine is under brute force attack.
  • Use Azure Sentinel to reduce organizational risk by rapidly remediating active attacks on the environment.
  • Implement Azure Sentinel queries that correlate data across the Azure AD tenants of Contoso and Fabrikam.
  • Develop a procedure to remediate Azure Defender for Key Vault alerts for Fabrikam in case of external attackers and a potential compromise of its own Azure AD applications.
  • Identify all cases of users who failed to sign in to an Azure resource for the first time from a given country. A junior security administrator provides you with the following incomplete query.

BehaviorAnalytics
| where ActivityType == "FailedLogOn"
| where ________ == True

The issue for which team can be resolved by using Microsoft Defender for Endpoint?

A. executive
B. sales
C. marketing
D. security

Answer

B. sales

Reference

  • Microsoft 365 > Microsoft Defender for Endpoint > Configure and onboard devices > Microsoft Defender for Endpoint on other Operating Systems > Mobile Threat Defense > Microsoft Defender for Endpoint on iOS

Question 65

Question

Case Study 1 – Contoso Ltd

Overview

A company named Contoso Ltd. has a main office and five branch offices located throughout North America. The main office is in Seattle. The branch offices are in Toronto, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles, and Vancouver.
Contoso has a subsidiary named Fabrikam, Ltd. that has offices in New York and San Francisco.

Existing Environment

End-User Environment
All users at Contoso use Windows 10 devices. Each user is licensed for Microsoft 365. In addition, iOS devices are distributed to the members of the sales team at Contoso.

Cloud and Hybrid Infrastructure
All Contoso applications are deployed to Azure.
You enable Microsoft Cloud App Security.
Contoso and Fabrikam have different Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenants. Fabrikam recently purchased an Azure subscription and enabled Azure Defender for all supported resource types.

Current Problems
The security team at Contoso receives a large number of cybersecurity alerts. The security team spends too much time identifying which cybersecurity alerts are legitimate threats, and which are not.
The Contoso sales team uses only iOS devices. The sales team members exchange files with customers by using a variety of third-party tools. In the past, the sales team experienced various attacks on their devices.
The marketing team at Contoso has several Microsoft SharePoint Online sites for collaborating with external vendors.
The marketing team has had several incidents in which vendors uploaded files that contain malware.
The executive team at Contoso suspects a security breach. The executive team requests that you identify which files had more than five activities during the past 48 hours, including data access, download, or deletion for Microsoft Cloud App Security-protected applications.

Requirements

Planned Changes
Contoso plans to integrate the security operations of both companies and manage all security operations centrally.

Technical Requirements
Contoso identifies the following technical requirements:

  • Receive alerts if an Azure virtual machine is under brute force attack.
  • Use Azure Sentinel to reduce organizational risk by rapidly remediating active attacks on the environment.
  • Implement Azure Sentinel queries that correlate data across the Azure AD tenants of Contoso and Fabrikam.
  • Develop a procedure to remediate Azure Defender for Key Vault alerts for Fabrikam in case of external attackers and a potential compromise of its own Azure AD applications.
  • Identify all cases of users who failed to sign in to an Azure resource for the first time from a given country. A junior security administrator provides you with the following incomplete query.

BehaviorAnalytics
| where ActivityType == "FailedLogOn"
| where ________ == True

The issue for which team can be resolved by using Microsoft Defender for Office 365?

A. executive
B. marketing
C. security
D. sales

Answer

B. marketing

Reference

Question 66

Question

Case Study 1 – Contoso Ltd

Overview

A company named Contoso Ltd. has a main office and five branch offices located throughout North America. The main office is in Seattle. The branch offices are in Toronto, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles, and Vancouver.
Contoso has a subsidiary named Fabrikam, Ltd. that has offices in New York and San Francisco.

Existing Environment

End-User Environment
All users at Contoso use Windows 10 devices. Each user is licensed for Microsoft 365. In addition, iOS devices are distributed to the members of the sales team at Contoso.

Cloud and Hybrid Infrastructure
All Contoso applications are deployed to Azure.
You enable Microsoft Cloud App Security.
Contoso and Fabrikam have different Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenants. Fabrikam recently purchased an Azure subscription and enabled Azure Defender for all supported resource types.

Current Problems
The security team at Contoso receives a large number of cybersecurity alerts. The security team spends too much time identifying which cybersecurity alerts are legitimate threats, and which are not.
The Contoso sales team uses only iOS devices. The sales team members exchange files with customers by using a variety of third-party tools. In the past, the sales team experienced various attacks on their devices.
The marketing team at Contoso has several Microsoft SharePoint Online sites for collaborating with external vendors.
The marketing team has had several incidents in which vendors uploaded files that contain malware.
The executive team at Contoso suspects a security breach. The executive team requests that you identify which files had more than five activities during the past 48 hours, including data access, download, or deletion for Microsoft Cloud App Security-protected applications.

Requirements

Planned Changes
Contoso plans to integrate the security operations of both companies and manage all security operations centrally.

Technical Requirements
Contoso identifies the following technical requirements:

  • Receive alerts if an Azure virtual machine is under brute force attack.
  • Use Azure Sentinel to reduce organizational risk by rapidly remediating active attacks on the environment.
  • Implement Azure Sentinel queries that correlate data across the Azure AD tenants of Contoso and Fabrikam.
  • Develop a procedure to remediate Azure Defender for Key Vault alerts for Fabrikam in case of external attackers and a potential compromise of its own Azure AD applications.
  • Identify all cases of users who failed to sign in to an Azure resource for the first time from a given country. A junior security administrator provides you with the following incomplete query.

BehaviorAnalytics
| where ActivityType == "FailedLogOn"
| where ________ == True

You need to recommend a solution to meet the technical requirements for the Azure virtual machines.
What should you include in the recommendation?

A. just-in-time (JIT) access
B. Azure Defender
C. Azure Firewall
D. Azure Application Gateway

Answer

B. Azure Defender

Reference

Question 67

Question

Case Study 1 – Contoso Ltd

Overview

A company named Contoso Ltd. has a main office and five branch offices located throughout North America. The main office is in Seattle. The branch offices are in Toronto, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles, and Vancouver.
Contoso has a subsidiary named Fabrikam, Ltd. that has offices in New York and San Francisco.

Existing Environment

End-User Environment
All users at Contoso use Windows 10 devices. Each user is licensed for Microsoft 365. In addition, iOS devices are distributed to the members of the sales team at Contoso.

Cloud and Hybrid Infrastructure
All Contoso applications are deployed to Azure.
You enable Microsoft Cloud App Security.
Contoso and Fabrikam have different Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenants. Fabrikam recently purchased an Azure subscription and enabled Azure Defender for all supported resource types.

Current Problems
The security team at Contoso receives a large number of cybersecurity alerts. The security team spends too much time identifying which cybersecurity alerts are legitimate threats, and which are not.
The Contoso sales team uses only iOS devices. The sales team members exchange files with customers by using a variety of third-party tools. In the past, the sales team experienced various attacks on their devices.
The marketing team at Contoso has several Microsoft SharePoint Online sites for collaborating with external vendors.
The marketing team has had several incidents in which vendors uploaded files that contain malware.
The executive team at Contoso suspects a security breach. The executive team requests that you identify which files had more than five activities during the past 48 hours, including data access, download, or deletion for Microsoft Cloud App Security-protected applications.

Requirements

Planned Changes
Contoso plans to integrate the security operations of both companies and manage all security operations centrally.

Technical Requirements
Contoso identifies the following technical requirements:

  • Receive alerts if an Azure virtual machine is under brute force attack.
  • Use Azure Sentinel to reduce organizational risk by rapidly remediating active attacks on the environment.
  • Implement Azure Sentinel queries that correlate data across the Azure AD tenants of Contoso and Fabrikam.
  • Develop a procedure to remediate Azure Defender for Key Vault alerts for Fabrikam in case of external attackers and a potential compromise of its own Azure AD applications.
  • Identify all cases of users who failed to sign in to an Azure resource for the first time from a given country. A junior security administrator provides you with the following incomplete query.

BehaviorAnalytics
| where ActivityType == "FailedLogOn"
| where ________ == True

Hotspot Question
You need to recommend remediation actions for the Azure Defender alerts for Fabrikam.
What should you recommend for each threat? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

Internal threat:

  • Add resource locks to the key vault.
  • Modify the access policy settings for the key vault.
  • Modify the role-based access control (RBAC) settings for the key vault.

External threat:

  • Implement Azure Firewall.
  • Modify the Key Vault firewall settings.
  • Modify the network security groups (NSGs).

Answer

Internal threat: Modify the role-based access control (RBAC) settings for the key vault.

External threat: Modify the Key Vault firewall settings.

Reference

Question 68

Question

Case Study 1 – Contoso Ltd

Overview

A company named Contoso Ltd. has a main office and five branch offices located throughout North America. The main office is in Seattle. The branch offices are in Toronto, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles, and Vancouver.
Contoso has a subsidiary named Fabrikam, Ltd. that has offices in New York and San Francisco.

Existing Environment

End-User Environment
All users at Contoso use Windows 10 devices. Each user is licensed for Microsoft 365. In addition, iOS devices are distributed to the members of the sales team at Contoso.

Cloud and Hybrid Infrastructure
All Contoso applications are deployed to Azure.
You enable Microsoft Cloud App Security.
Contoso and Fabrikam have different Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenants. Fabrikam recently purchased an Azure subscription and enabled Azure Defender for all supported resource types.

Current Problems
The security team at Contoso receives a large number of cybersecurity alerts. The security team spends too much time identifying which cybersecurity alerts are legitimate threats, and which are not.
The Contoso sales team uses only iOS devices. The sales team members exchange files with customers by using a variety of third-party tools. In the past, the sales team experienced various attacks on their devices.
The marketing team at Contoso has several Microsoft SharePoint Online sites for collaborating with external vendors.
The marketing team has had several incidents in which vendors uploaded files that contain malware.
The executive team at Contoso suspects a security breach. The executive team requests that you identify which files had more than five activities during the past 48 hours, including data access, download, or deletion for Microsoft Cloud App Security-protected applications.

Requirements

Planned Changes
Contoso plans to integrate the security operations of both companies and manage all security operations centrally.

Technical Requirements
Contoso identifies the following technical requirements:

  • Receive alerts if an Azure virtual machine is under brute force attack.
  • Use Azure Sentinel to reduce organizational risk by rapidly remediating active attacks on the environment.
  • Implement Azure Sentinel queries that correlate data across the Azure AD tenants of Contoso and Fabrikam.
  • Develop a procedure to remediate Azure Defender for Key Vault alerts for Fabrikam in case of external attackers and a potential compromise of its own Azure AD applications.
  • Identify all cases of users who failed to sign in to an Azure resource for the first time from a given country. A junior security administrator provides you with the following incomplete query.

BehaviorAnalytics
| where ActivityType == "FailedLogOn"
| where ________ == True

Hotspot Question
You need to create an advanced hunting query to investigate the executive team issue.
How should you complete the query? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

You need to create an advanced hunting query to investigate the executive team issue.

Answer

Answer for You need to create an advanced hunting query to investigate the executive team issue.

Question 69

Question

Case Study 2 – Litware Inc

Overview

Litware Inc. is a renewable company.
Litware has offices in Boston and Seattle. Litware also has remote users located across the United States. To access Litware resources, including cloud resources, the remote users establish a VPN connection to either office.

Existing Environment

Identity Environment
The network contains an Active Directory forest named litware.com that syncs to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named litware.com.

Microsoft 365 Environment
Litware has a Microsoft 365 E5 subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. Microsoft Defender for Endpoint is deployed to all computers that run Windows 10. All Microsoft Cloud App Security built-in anomaly detection policies are enabled.

Azure Environment
Litware has an Azure subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. The subscription contains resources in the East US Azure region as shown in the following table.

Name Type Description
LA1 Log Analytics workspace Contains logs and metrics collected from all Azure resources and on-premises servers
VM1 Virtual machine Server that run Windows Server 2019
VM2 Virtual machine Server that run Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Network Environment
Each Litware office connects directly to the internet and has a site-to-site VPN connection to the virtual networks in the Azure subscription.

On-premises Environment
The on-premises network contains the computers shown in the following table.

Name Operating system Office Description
DC1 Windows Server 2019 Boston Domain controller in litware.com that connects directly to the Internet.
CLIENT1 Windows 10 Boston Domain-joined client computer.

Current problems
Cloud App Security frequently generates false positive alerts when users connect to both offices simultaneously.

Planned Changes
Litware plans to implement the following changes:

  • Create and configure Azure Sentinel in the Azure subscription.
  • Validate Azure Sentinel functionality by using Azure AD test user accounts.

Business Requirements
Litware identifies the following business requirements:

  • The principle of least privilege must be used whenever possible.
  • Costs must be minimized, as long as all other requirements are met.
  • Logs collected by Log Analytics must provide a full audit trail of user activities.
  • All domain controllers must be protected by using Microsoft Defender for Identity.

Azure Information Protection Requirements
All files that have security labels and are stored on the Windows 10 computers must be available from the Azure Information Protection – Data discovery dashboard.

Microsoft Defender for Endpoint requirements
All Cloud App Security unsanctioned apps must be blocked on the Windows 10 computers by using Microsoft Defender for Endpoint.

Microsoft Cloud App Security requirements
Cloud App Security must identify whether a user connection is anomalous based on tenant-level data.

Azure Defender Requirements
All servers must send logs to the same Log Analytics workspace.

Azure Sentinel Requirements
Litware must meet the following Azure Sentinel requirements:

  • Integrate Azure Sentinel and Cloud App Security.
  • Ensure that a user named admin1 can configure Azure Sentinel playbooks.
  • Create an Azure Sentinel analytics rule based on a custom query. The rule must automatically initiate the execution of a playbook.
  • Add notes to events that represent data access from a specific IP address to provide the ability to reference the IP address when navigating through an investigation graph while hunting.
  • Create a test rule that generates alerts when inbound access to Microsoft Office 365 by the Azure AD test user accounts is detected. Alerts generated by the rule must be grouped into individual incidents, with one incident per test user account.

You need to implement the Azure Information Protection requirements.
What should you configure first?

A. Device health and compliance reports settings in Microsoft Defender Security Center
B. scanner clusters in Azure Information Protection from the Azure portal
C. content scan jobs in Azure Information Protection from the Azure portal
D. Advanced features from Settings in Microsoft Defender Security Center

Answer

D. Advanced features from Settings in Microsoft Defender Security Center

Reference

Question 70

Question

Case Study 2 – Litware Inc

Overview

Litware Inc. is a renewable company.
Litware has offices in Boston and Seattle. Litware also has remote users located across the United States. To access Litware resources, including cloud resources, the remote users establish a VPN connection to either office.

Existing Environment

Identity Environment
The network contains an Active Directory forest named litware.com that syncs to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named litware.com.

Microsoft 365 Environment
Litware has a Microsoft 365 E5 subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. Microsoft Defender for Endpoint is deployed to all computers that run Windows 10. All Microsoft Cloud App Security built-in anomaly detection policies are enabled.

Azure Environment
Litware has an Azure subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. The subscription contains resources in the East US Azure region as shown in the following table.

Name Type Description
LA1 Log Analytics workspace Contains logs and metrics collected from all Azure resources and on-premises servers
VM1 Virtual machine Server that run Windows Server 2019
VM2 Virtual machine Server that run Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Network Environment
Each Litware office connects directly to the internet and has a site-to-site VPN connection to the virtual networks in the Azure subscription.

On-premises Environment
The on-premises network contains the computers shown in the following table.

Name Operating system Office Description
DC1 Windows Server 2019 Boston Domain controller in litware.com that connects directly to the Internet.
CLIENT1 Windows 10 Boston Domain-joined client computer.

Current problems
Cloud App Security frequently generates false positive alerts when users connect to both offices simultaneously.

Planned Changes
Litware plans to implement the following changes:

  • Create and configure Azure Sentinel in the Azure subscription.
  • Validate Azure Sentinel functionality by using Azure AD test user accounts.

Business Requirements
Litware identifies the following business requirements:

  • The principle of least privilege must be used whenever possible.
  • Costs must be minimized, as long as all other requirements are met.
  • Logs collected by Log Analytics must provide a full audit trail of user activities.
  • All domain controllers must be protected by using Microsoft Defender for Identity.

Azure Information Protection Requirements
All files that have security labels and are stored on the Windows 10 computers must be available from the Azure Information Protection – Data discovery dashboard.

Microsoft Defender for Endpoint requirements
All Cloud App Security unsanctioned apps must be blocked on the Windows 10 computers by using Microsoft Defender for Endpoint.

Microsoft Cloud App Security requirements
Cloud App Security must identify whether a user connection is anomalous based on tenant-level data.

Azure Defender Requirements
All servers must send logs to the same Log Analytics workspace.

Azure Sentinel Requirements
Litware must meet the following Azure Sentinel requirements:

  • Integrate Azure Sentinel and Cloud App Security.
  • Ensure that a user named admin1 can configure Azure Sentinel playbooks.
  • Create an Azure Sentinel analytics rule based on a custom query. The rule must automatically initiate the execution of a playbook.
  • Add notes to events that represent data access from a specific IP address to provide the ability to reference the IP address when navigating through an investigation graph while hunting.
  • Create a test rule that generates alerts when inbound access to Microsoft Office 365 by the Azure AD test user accounts is detected. Alerts generated by the rule must be grouped into individual incidents, with one incident per test user account.

You need to modify the anomaly detection policy settings to meet the Cloud App Security requirements.
Which policy should you modify?

A. Activity from suspicious IP addresses
B. Activity from anonymous IP addresses
C. Impossible travel
D. Risky sign-in

Answer

C. Impossible travel

Reference

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