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Microsoft Security Operations Analyst SC-200 Exam Questions and Answers – 1

The latest Microsoft Security Operations Analyst SC-200 certification actual real practice exam question and answer (Q&A) dumps are available free, which are helpful for you to pass the Microsoft Security Operations Analyst SC-200 exam and earn Microsoft Security Operations Analyst SC-200 certification.

Microsoft Security Operations Analyst SC-200 Exam Questions and Answers

Question 31

Question

Hotspot Question
From Azure Sentinel, you open the Investigation pane for a high-severity incident as shown in the following exhibit.

From Azure Sentinel, you open the Investigation pane for a high-severity incident as shown in the following exhibit.

Use the drop-down menus to select the answer choice that completes each statement based on the information presented in the graphic.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

If you hover over the virtual machine named vm1, you can view [answer choice].

  • the inbound network security group (NSG) rules
  • the last five Windows security log events
  • the open ports on the host
  • the running processes

If you select [answer choice], you can navigate to the bookmarks related to the incident.

  • Entities
  • Info
  • Insights
  • Timeline

Answer

If you hover over the virtual machine named vm1, you can view [the running processes].

If you select [timeline], you can navigate to the bookmarks related to the incident.

Reference

Question 32

Question

Drag and Drop Question
You have an Azure Sentinel deployment.
You need to query for all suspicious credential access activities.
Which three actions should you perform in sequence? To answer, move the appropriate actions from the list of actions to the answer area and arrange them in the correct order.

Actions:

  • From Azure Sentinel, select Hunting.
  • Select Run All Queries.
  • Select New Query.
  • Filter by tactics.
  • From Azure Sentinel, select Notebooks.

Answer

  1. From Azure Sentinel, select Hunting.
  2. Filter by tactics.
  3. Select Run All Queries.

Question 33

Question

Case Study 1 – Contoso Ltd

Overview

A company named Contoso Ltd. has a main office and five branch offices located throughout North America. The main office is in Seattle. The branch offices are in Toronto, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles, and Vancouver.
Contoso has a subsidiary named Fabrikam, Ltd. that has offices in New York and San Francisco.

Existing Environment

End-User Environment
All users at Contoso use Windows 10 devices. Each user is licensed for Microsoft 365. In addition, iOS devices are distributed to the members of the sales team at Contoso.

Cloud and Hybrid Infrastructure
All Contoso applications are deployed to Azure.
You enable Microsoft Cloud App Security.
Contoso and Fabrikam have different Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenants. Fabrikam recently purchased an Azure subscription and enabled Azure Defender for all supported resource types.

Current Problems
The security team at Contoso receives a large number of cybersecurity alerts. The security team spends too much time identifying which cybersecurity alerts are legitimate threats, and which are not.
The Contoso sales team uses only iOS devices. The sales team members exchange files with customers by using a variety of third-party tools. In the past, the sales team experienced various attacks on their devices.
The marketing team at Contoso has several Microsoft SharePoint Online sites for collaborating with external vendors.
The marketing team has had several incidents in which vendors uploaded files that contain malware.
The executive team at Contoso suspects a security breach. The executive team requests that you identify which files had more than five activities during the past 48 hours, including data access, download, or deletion for Microsoft Cloud App Security-protected applications.

Requirements

Planned Changes
Contoso plans to integrate the security operations of both companies and manage all security operations centrally.

Technical Requirements
Contoso identifies the following technical requirements:

  • Receive alerts if an Azure virtual machine is under brute force attack.
  • Use Azure Sentinel to reduce organizational risk by rapidly remediating active attacks on the environment.
  • Implement Azure Sentinel queries that correlate data across the Azure AD tenants of Contoso and Fabrikam.
  • Develop a procedure to remediate Azure Defender for Key Vault alerts for Fabrikam in case of external attackers and a potential compromise of its own Azure AD applications.
  • Identify all cases of users who failed to sign in to an Azure resource for the first time from a given country. A junior security administrator provides you with the following incomplete query.

BehaviorAnalytics
| where ActivityType == "FailedLogOn"
| where ________ == True

You need to remediate active attacks to meet the technical requirements.
What should you include in the solution?

A. Azure Automation runbooks
B. Azure Logic Apps
C. Azure Functions
D. Azure Sentinel livestreams

Answer

B. Azure Logic Apps

Reference

Question 34

Question

Case Study 2 – Litware Inc

Overview

Litware Inc. is a renewable company.

Litware has offices in Boston and Seattle. Litware also has remote users located across the United States. To access Litware resources, including cloud resources, the remote users establish a VPN connection to either office.

Existing Environment

Identity Environment
The network contains an Active Directory forest named litware.com that syncs to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named litware.com.

Microsoft 365 Environment
Litware has a Microsoft 365 E5 subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. Microsoft Defender for Endpoint is deployed to all computers that run Windows 10. All Microsoft Cloud App Security built-in anomaly detection policies are enabled.

Azure Environment
Litware has an Azure subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. The subscription contains resources in the East US Azure region as shown in the following table.

Name Type Description
LA1 Log Analytics workspace Contains logs and metrics collected from all Azure resources and on-premises servers
VM1 Virtual machine Server that run Windows Server 2019
VM2 Virtual machine Server that run Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Network Environment
Each Litware office connects directly to the internet and has a site-to-site VPN connection to the virtual networks in the Azure subscription.

On-premises Environment
The on-premises network contains the computers shown in the following table.

Name Operating system Office Description
DC1 Windows Server 2019 Boston Domain controller in litware.com that connects directly to the Internet.
CLIENT1 Windows 10 Boston Domain-joined client computer.

Current problems
Cloud App Security frequently generates false positive alerts when users connect to both offices simultaneously.

Planned Changes
Litware plans to implement the following changes:

  • Create and configure Azure Sentinel in the Azure subscription.
  • Validate Azure Sentinel functionality by using Azure AD test user accounts.

Business Requirements
Litware identifies the following business requirements:

  • The principle of least privilege must be used whenever possible.
  • Costs must be minimized, as long as all other requirements are met.
  • Logs collected by Log Analytics must provide a full audit trail of user activities.
  • All domain controllers must be protected by using Microsoft Defender for Identity.

Azure Information Protection Requirements
All files that have security labels and are stored on the Windows 10 computers must be available from the Azure Information Protection – Data discovery dashboard.

Microsoft Defender for Endpoint requirements
All Cloud App Security unsanctioned apps must be blocked on the Windows 10 computers by using Microsoft Defender for Endpoint.

Microsoft Cloud App Security requirements
Cloud App Security must identify whether a user connection is anomalous based on tenant-level data.

Azure Defender Requirements
All servers must send logs to the same Log Analytics workspace.

Azure Sentinel Requirements
Litware must meet the following Azure Sentinel requirements:

  • Integrate Azure Sentinel and Cloud App Security.
  • Ensure that a user named admin1 can configure Azure Sentinel playbooks.
  • Create an Azure Sentinel analytics rule based on a custom query. The rule must automatically initiate the execution of a playbook.
  • Add notes to events that represent data access from a specific IP address to provide the ability to reference the IP address when navigating through an investigation graph while hunting.
  • Create a test rule that generates alerts when inbound access to Microsoft Office 365 by the Azure AD test user accounts is detected. Alerts generated by the rule must be grouped into individual incidents, with one incident per test user account.

Drag and Drop Question
You need to configure DC1 to meet the business requirements.
Which four actions should you perform in sequence? To answer, move the appropriate actions from the list of actions to the answer area and arrange them in the correct order.

Actions:

  • Provide domain administrator credentials to the litware.com Active Directory domain.
  • Create an instance of Microsoft Defender for Identity.
  • Provide global administrator credentials to the litware.com Azure AD tenant.
  • Install the sensor on DC1.
  • Install the standalone sensor on DC1.

Answer

  1. Provide global administrator credentials to the litware.com Azure AD tenant.
  2. Create an instance of Microsoft Defender for Identity.
  3. Provide domain administrator credentials to the litware.com Active Directory domain.
  4. Install the sensor on DC1.

Explanation

Step 1: log in to https://portal.atp.azure.com as a global admin
Step 2: Create the instance
Step 3. Connect the instance to Active Directory
Step 4. Download and install the sensor.

Reference

Question 35

Question

Case Study 2 – Litware Inc

Overview

Litware Inc. is a renewable company.
Litware has offices in Boston and Seattle. Litware also has remote users located across the United States. To access Litware resources, including cloud resources, the remote users establish a VPN connection to either office.

Existing Environment

Identity Environment
The network contains an Active Directory forest named litware.com that syncs to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named litware.com.

Microsoft 365 Environment
Litware has a Microsoft 365 E5 subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. Microsoft Defender for Endpoint is deployed to all computers that run Windows 10. All Microsoft Cloud App Security built-in anomaly detection policies are enabled.

Azure Environment
Litware has an Azure subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. The subscription contains resources in the East US Azure region as shown in the following table.

Name Type Description
LA1 Log Analytics workspace Contains logs and metrics collected from all Azure resources and on-premises servers
VM1 Virtual machine Server that run Windows Server 2019
VM2 Virtual machine Server that run Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Network Environment
Each Litware office connects directly to the internet and has a site-to-site VPN connection to the virtual networks in the Azure subscription.

On-premises Environment
The on-premises network contains the computers shown in the following table.

Name Operating system Office Description
DC1 Windows Server 2019 Boston Domain controller in litware.com that connects directly to the Internet.
CLIENT1 Windows 10 Boston Domain-joined client computer.

Current problems
Cloud App Security frequently generates false positive alerts when users connect to both offices simultaneously.

Planned Changes
Litware plans to implement the following changes:

  • Create and configure Azure Sentinel in the Azure subscription.
  • Validate Azure Sentinel functionality by using Azure AD test user accounts.

Business Requirements
Litware identifies the following business requirements:

  • The principle of least privilege must be used whenever possible.
  • Costs must be minimized, as long as all other requirements are met.
  • Logs collected by Log Analytics must provide a full audit trail of user activities.
  • All domain controllers must be protected by using Microsoft Defender for Identity.

Azure Information Protection Requirements
All files that have security labels and are stored on the Windows 10 computers must be available from the Azure Information Protection – Data discovery dashboard.

Microsoft Defender for Endpoint requirements
All Cloud App Security unsanctioned apps must be blocked on the Windows 10 computers by using Microsoft Defender for Endpoint.

Microsoft Cloud App Security requirements
Cloud App Security must identify whether a user connection is anomalous based on tenant-level data.

Azure Defender Requirements
All servers must send logs to the same Log Analytics workspace.

Azure Sentinel Requirements
Litware must meet the following Azure Sentinel requirements:

  • Integrate Azure Sentinel and Cloud App Security.
  • Ensure that a user named admin1 can configure Azure Sentinel playbooks.
  • Create an Azure Sentinel analytics rule based on a custom query. The rule must automatically initiate the execution of a playbook.
  • Add notes to events that represent data access from a specific IP address to provide the ability to reference the IP address when navigating through an investigation graph while hunting.
  • Create a test rule that generates alerts when inbound access to Microsoft Office 365 by the Azure AD test user accounts is detected. Alerts generated by the rule must be grouped into individual incidents, with one incident per test user account.

Hotspot Question
You need to implement Azure Defender to meet the Azure Defender requirements and the business requirements.
What should you include in the solution? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

Log Analytics workspace to use:

  • A new Log Analytics workspace in the East US Azure region
  • Default workspace created by Azure Security Center
  • LA1

Windows security events to collect:

  • All Events
  • Common
  • Minimal

Answer

Log Analytics workspace to use: LA1

Windows security events to collect: Common

Question 36

Question

Case Study 2 – Litware Inc

Overview

Litware Inc. is a renewable company.
Litware has offices in Boston and Seattle. Litware also has remote users located across the United States. To access Litware resources, including cloud resources, the remote users establish a VPN connection to either office.

Existing Environment

Identity Environment
The network contains an Active Directory forest named litware.com that syncs to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named litware.com.

Microsoft 365 Environment
Litware has a Microsoft 365 E5 subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. Microsoft Defender for Endpoint is deployed to all computers that run Windows 10. All Microsoft Cloud App Security built-in anomaly detection policies are enabled.

Azure Environment
Litware has an Azure subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. The subscription contains resources in the East US Azure region as shown in the following table.

Name Type Description
LA1 Log Analytics workspace Contains logs and metrics collected from all Azure resources and on-premises servers
VM1 Virtual machine Server that run Windows Server 2019
VM2 Virtual machine Server that run Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Network Environment
Each Litware office connects directly to the internet and has a site-to-site VPN connection to the virtual networks in the Azure subscription.

On-premises Environment
The on-premises network contains the computers shown in the following table.

Name Operating system Office Description
DC1 Windows Server 2019 Boston Domain controller in litware.com that connects directly to the Internet.
CLIENT1 Windows 10 Boston Domain-joined client computer.

Current problems
Cloud App Security frequently generates false positive alerts when users connect to both offices simultaneously.

Planned Changes
Litware plans to implement the following changes:

  • Create and configure Azure Sentinel in the Azure subscription.
  • Validate Azure Sentinel functionality by using Azure AD test user accounts.

Business Requirements
Litware identifies the following business requirements:

  • The principle of least privilege must be used whenever possible.
  • Costs must be minimized, as long as all other requirements are met.
  • Logs collected by Log Analytics must provide a full audit trail of user activities.
  • All domain controllers must be protected by using Microsoft Defender for Identity.

Azure Information Protection Requirements
All files that have security labels and are stored on the Windows 10 computers must be available from the Azure Information Protection – Data discovery dashboard.

Microsoft Defender for Endpoint requirements
All Cloud App Security unsanctioned apps must be blocked on the Windows 10 computers by using Microsoft Defender for Endpoint.

Microsoft Cloud App Security requirements
Cloud App Security must identify whether a user connection is anomalous based on tenant-level data.

Azure Defender Requirements
All servers must send logs to the same Log Analytics workspace.

Azure Sentinel Requirements
Litware must meet the following Azure Sentinel requirements:

  • Integrate Azure Sentinel and Cloud App Security.
  • Ensure that a user named admin1 can configure Azure Sentinel playbooks.
  • Create an Azure Sentinel analytics rule based on a custom query. The rule must automatically initiate the execution of a playbook.
  • Add notes to events that represent data access from a specific IP address to provide the ability to reference the IP address when navigating through an investigation graph while hunting.
  • Create a test rule that generates alerts when inbound access to Microsoft Office 365 by the Azure AD test user accounts is detected. Alerts generated by the rule must be grouped into individual incidents, with one incident per test user account.

Drag and Drop Question
You need to add notes to the events to meet the Azure Sentinel requirements.
Which three actions should you perform in sequence? To answer, move the appropriate actions from the list of action to the answer area and arrange them in the correct order.

Actions:

  • Add a bookmark and map an entity.
  • From Azure Monitor, run a Log Analytics query.
  • Add the query to favorites.
  • Select a query result.
  • From the Azure Sentinel workspace, run a Log Analytics query.

Answer

  1. From the Azure Sentinel workspace, run a Log Analytics query.
  2. Select a query result.
  3. Add a bookmark and map an entity.

Reference

Question 37

Question

Case Study 2 – Litware Inc

Overview

Litware Inc. is a renewable company.
Litware has offices in Boston and Seattle. Litware also has remote users located across the United States. To access Litware resources, including cloud resources, the remote users establish a VPN connection to either office.

Existing Environment

Identity Environment
The network contains an Active Directory forest named litware.com that syncs to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named litware.com.

Microsoft 365 Environment
Litware has a Microsoft 365 E5 subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. Microsoft Defender for Endpoint is deployed to all computers that run Windows 10. All Microsoft Cloud App Security built-in anomaly detection policies are enabled.

Azure Environment
Litware has an Azure subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. The subscription contains resources in the East US Azure region as shown in the following table.

Name Type Description
LA1 Log Analytics workspace Contains logs and metrics collected from all Azure resources and on-premises servers
VM1 Virtual machine Server that run Windows Server 2019
VM2 Virtual machine Server that run Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Network Environment
Each Litware office connects directly to the internet and has a site-to-site VPN connection to the virtual networks in the Azure subscription.

On-premises Environment
The on-premises network contains the computers shown in the following table.

Name Operating system Office Description
DC1 Windows Server 2019 Boston Domain controller in litware.com that connects directly to the Internet.
CLIENT1 Windows 10 Boston Domain-joined client computer.

Current problems
Cloud App Security frequently generates false positive alerts when users connect to both offices simultaneously.

Planned Changes
Litware plans to implement the following changes:

  • Create and configure Azure Sentinel in the Azure subscription.
  • Validate Azure Sentinel functionality by using Azure AD test user accounts.

Business Requirements
Litware identifies the following business requirements:

  • The principle of least privilege must be used whenever possible.
  • Costs must be minimized, as long as all other requirements are met.
  • Logs collected by Log Analytics must provide a full audit trail of user activities.
  • All domain controllers must be protected by using Microsoft Defender for Identity.

Azure Information Protection Requirements
All files that have security labels and are stored on the Windows 10 computers must be available from the Azure Information Protection – Data discovery dashboard.

Microsoft Defender for Endpoint requirements
All Cloud App Security unsanctioned apps must be blocked on the Windows 10 computers by using Microsoft Defender for Endpoint.

Microsoft Cloud App Security requirements
Cloud App Security must identify whether a user connection is anomalous based on tenant-level data.

Azure Defender Requirements
All servers must send logs to the same Log Analytics workspace.

Azure Sentinel Requirements
Litware must meet the following Azure Sentinel requirements:

  • Integrate Azure Sentinel and Cloud App Security.
  • Ensure that a user named admin1 can configure Azure Sentinel playbooks.
  • Create an Azure Sentinel analytics rule based on a custom query. The rule must automatically initiate the execution of a playbook.
  • Add notes to events that represent data access from a specific IP address to provide the ability to reference the IP address when navigating through an investigation graph while hunting.
  • Create a test rule that generates alerts when inbound access to Microsoft Office 365 by the Azure AD test user accounts is detected. Alerts generated by the rule must be grouped into individual incidents, with one incident per test user account.

Hotspot Question
You need to configure the Azure Sentinel integration to meet the Azure Sentinel requirements.
What should you do? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

In the Cloud App Security portal:

  • Add a security extension
  • Configure app connectors
  • Configure log collectors

From Azure Sentinel in the Azure portal:

  • Add a data connector
  • Add a workbook
  • Configure the Log settings

Answer

In the Cloud App Security portal: Add a security extension

From Azure Sentinel in the Azure portal: Add a data connector

Reference

Question 38

Question

You implement Safe Attachments policies in Microsoft Defender for Office 365.
Users report that email messages containing attachments take longer than expected to be received.
You need to reduce the amount of time it takes to deliver messages that contain attachments without compromising security. The attachments must be scanned for malware, and any messages that contain malware must be blocked.
What should you configure in the Safe Attachments policies?

A. Dynamic Delivery
B. Replace
C. Block and Enable redirect
D. Monitor and Enable redirect

Answer

A. Dynamic Delivery

Reference

Question 39

Question

You receive a security bulletin about a potential attack that uses an image file.
You need to create an indicator of compromise (IoC) in Microsoft Defender for Endpoint to prevent the attack.
Which indicator type should you use?

A. a URL/domain indicator that has Action set to Alert only
B. a URL/domain indicator that has Action set to Alert and block
C. a file hash indicator that has Action set to Alert and block
D. a certificate indicator that has Action set to Alert and block

Answer

C. a file hash indicator that has Action set to Alert and block

Reference

  • Microsoft 365 > Microsoft Defender for Endpoint > Configure and onboard devices > Configure portal settings > Rules > Create indicators for files

Question 40

Question

Your company deploys the following services:

  • Microsoft Defender for Identity
  • Microsoft Defender for Endpoint
  • Microsoft Defender for Office 365

You need to provide a security analyst with the ability to use the Microsoft 365 security center. The analyst must be able to approve and reject pending actions generated by Microsoft Defender for Endpoint. The solution must use the principle of least privilege.
Which two roles should assign to the analyst? Each correct answer presents part of the solution.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

A. the Compliance Data Administrator in Azure Active Directory (Azure AD)
B. the Active remediation actions role in Microsoft Defender for Endpoint
C. the Security Administrator role in Azure Active Directory (Azure AD)
D. the Security Reader role in Azure Active Directory (Azure AD)

Answer

B. the Active remediation actions role in Microsoft Defender for Endpoint
D. the Security Reader role in Azure Active Directory (Azure AD)

Reference

  • Microsoft 365 > Microsoft Defender for Endpoint > Configure and onboard devices > Configure portal settings > Permissions > Manage portal access using RBAC
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