Most organizations use varied IT stacks within their business. You may have a Linux server farm and use a Microsoft Active Directory cluster to provide identity services. Or you may maintain a cross-platform environment that builds software for multiple targets. As environments become more and more complex, manually managing each of the different components can be tedious and error-prone.
You can now manage Linux systems like Linux and Windows systems using the same automation tools with the Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform. This article reviews 10 functions you can automate Windows systems using the Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform within the organization.
Windows Remote Management (WinRM)
WinRM is Microsoft’s built-in HTTP-based remote management technology. WinRM’s non-interactive login makes it difficult to perform some tasks like accessing the data protection application programming interface (API), double-hop authentication, and Windows updates. With the Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform, you can codify authentication to automate these remote management tasks in Windows.
Powershell is the task-based command-line shell and scripting language included with Windows. It is built on .NET and provides access to the Desired State Configuration (DSC) platform for configuring, deploying, and managing systems. Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform allows you to automate brand new Windows systems, including all .NET and DSC functions, without installing another scripting language.
Application installation and maintenance
Windows do not include an integrated package management system and use Microsoft Store for application distribution and maintenance. However, Microsoft Store is not easy to automate. Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform provides a module for automating basic package management in Windows. It also integrates with Chocolatey software management automation for Windows to provide automated idempotent package management.
Tasks that require reboots
Many standard IT functions require or result in reboots in Windows. Reboots can be problematic when automating tasks, as a particular system effectively disappears during a reboot, interrupting the automation tasks. Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform provides a way to manage systems through reboot cycles to ensure that all automation tasks are performed, regardless of how many reboots are required.
Update management is an ongoing responsibility for all IT teams. Windows Update delivers software updates for Windows systems, and many IT teams use Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM) to manage these updates across their systems. However, SCCM can be unreliable for performing automated updates, particularly when reboots are involved, making it more difficult to meet maintenance windows. Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform lets you perform basic synchronous updates using Windows Update, making automated updates more reliable.
Internet Information Services (IIS)
IIS is an extensible web server for Windows. Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform provides basic automation modules for IIS, including setting up a website, web applications, application pools, and virtual directories.
Windows Registry stores low-level settings for the Windows operating system and applications. Changing registry values manually can be time-consuming and error-prone. Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform includes built-in capabilities for managing individual key-value pairs in an idempotent fashion. You can also create registry templates and automatically apply those templates to groups of Windows systems.
Windows Service Control Manager (SCM)
Windows SCM provides management for all Windows services, including WinRM, IIS, and firewalls. Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform includes a module for automating service controls. You can also create and manage Windows services as part of larger software deployment.
Windows uses domains to manage enterprise identity. All systems in your enterprise environment should be joined to a domain. This can make testing new software, updates, and configurations difficult, as all test systems must be added to a domain. Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform allows you to automate basic domain and domain user management to simplify operations. It also eases testing of new setups using ephemeral machines. You can automatically create throwaway domains, add ephemeral systems, perform your tests, and tear everything down quickly.
Access control lists (ACLs)
Security is a constant concern for IT teams. Windows uses ACLs to specify access rights for users, groups, and tasks. Configuring ACLs correctly is critical to protecting your business. Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform makes it easier to configure and understand your ACLs. You can use clear, human-readable code to set up users and groups, assign rights, and define inheritance behaviors.
Customer success highlight
Siemens, a global technology company, deployed Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform to simplify and better automate its Windows-based public key infrastructure (PKI) environment.
- Optimized Ansible for Windows-based security environment
- Improved IT efficiency by automating management tasks
- Enhanced in-house Ansible expertise with dedicated, expert consulting and training
“We needed more automation, and for this Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform was the perfect choice.” Rufus Buschart, Head of PKI, Siemens