Explained in Step-by-step How Internet of Things (IoT) Works

What is IoT? Internet of things is the extension of Internet connectivity into physical devices and everyday objects. It can be embedded with electronics, Internet connectivity, and other forms of hardware, these devices can communicate and interact with others over the Internet, and they can be remotely monitored and controlled.

Explained in Step-by-step How Internet of Things (IoT) Works
Explained in Step-by-step How Internet of Things (IoT) Works

Simply go through the step by step process involved in IoT mentioned below.

Content Summary

Data Ingestion
Data Transmission
Data Processing
Data Visualization
Data Analysis and prediction

Data Ingestion

The data needs to be sent to the cloud to be analyzed. But it needs a way to get there.

IoT devices / sensors collect data from the environment. The data can be as simple as temperature / humidity or it can be as complex as a full video feed.

Almost 5 quintillion bytes of data produced every day by IoT devices

Data Transmission

The data is transmitted to the cloud via Gateways (Telemetry Devices), The gateways use both the cellular as well as the satellite communication to transmit the data.

To ensure data security, protocols such as Bluetooth, Sig Fox, LoRa, NB-IoT, ZigBee, COAP, REST, DDS, MQIT, XMPP, etc. are used

Data Processing

Once the data gets to the cloud, IoT platform processes it. The processing can be as simple as checking if the temperature is within the acceptable range or it could be very complex, such as using computer vision on the video to identify objects.

Data Visualization

The processed data (Information) is made to the end-user by providing alerts to the user (E-Mails, text, notification). The user might have an application (interface) that allows him to proactively check-in to the system.

Data Analysis and prediction

To utilize the data collected over the time, data analytics makes use of the historical data to provide actionable insights. Insights help in predicting future events that may occur.

You can make intelligent business decisions based on the insights and predictions generated from the data.