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Solved: How do I debug Kerberos authentication in FortiProxy?

This article describes a working WAD debug flow for Kerberos authentication as an authentication method.

Solution

In this scenario, the FortiProxy has enforced to challenge the client browser with Kerberos as an authentication method.

Kerberos Authentication Flow:

Kerberos Authentication Flow

The following command can be used to capture and save the WAD debug outputs:

# diag wad filter src <IP address>
# diag wad debug enable category auth
# diag wad debug enable category policy
# diag wad debug enable level verbose
# diag debug application fnbamd -1
# diag debug enable

Example of debugging outputs.

Step 1: Client browser sends an HTTP/1.1 connect method request toward the destination URL.

Client browser sends an HTTP/1.1 connect method request toward the destination URL.

Step 2: The connection request was interrupted by FortiProxy to challenge an HTTP/1.1 407 proxy authentication required with negotiate (Kerberos) authentication as a preferred method.

The connection request was interrupted by FortiProxy to challenge an HTTP/1.1 407 proxy authentication required with negotiate (Kerberos) authentication as a preferred method.

Step 3: Client browser responds to connect method request with a Kerberos service ticket (TGT) provided.

Client browser responds to connect method request with a Kerberos service ticket (TGT) provided.

Step 4: Fortiproxy to decipher the client Kerberos service ticket (TGT) with configured keytab to extract the user name used for LDAP query.

Fortiproxy to decipher the client Kerberos service ticket (TGT) with configured keytab to extract the user name used for LDAP query.

Step 5: FortiProxy to perform a proper lookup against the LDAP server for user and group membership matching.

FortiProxy to perform a proper lookup against the LDAP server for user and group membership matching.

Step 6: Authentication result showed success, the Fortiproxy allowed destination website access with an HTTP/1.1 200 OK.

Authentication result showed success, the Fortiproxy allowed destination website access with an HTTP/1.1 200 OK.

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