Search Engine Optimization Strategy Guide for 2019 – How to Master SEO Trends?

Are you using an effective, time-proven marketing strategy in 2019? Search Engine Optimization (SEO) means not having to constantly pay for website traffic. You can hire a team of specialists to put your site on Page #1 of Google – for a very hefty fee, that is… Or you can do it yourself. Seriously? SEO on your own? Yes, you can!

2019 SEO Strategy

Just like Batman has a plan for everything (even not having a plan), this do-it-yourself SEO Guide has plans for:

  • How to design a website structure that will maximize your rankings;
  • How to provide a superb UX that will keep users coming back;
  • How to use your competitors’ strengths against them, and many more!

The guide comes with all the tools you need to get your SEO campaign started – and never stop until you reach the top. Read on this article and arm yourself with the knowledge you need to compete in your niche.

Content Summary

Intro
Chapter 1: Keyword research and optimization
Chapter 2: Site navigation
Chapter 3: Mobile optimization
Chapter 4: Local SEO
Chapter 5: Voice search optimization
Chapter 6: Page loading speed
Chapter 7: Search intent-oriented content
Chapter 8: The use of social media
Chapter 9: Technical audit
Chapter 10: Competitor research

Intro

Every once in a while somebody says SEO is dead, and they are always proven wrong. Nearly two decades into the 21st century, SEO continues being essential in securing high rankings for websites and profits for businesses. Exactly how essential, you ask?

Here are some quick SEO statistics to get you in the mood for consuming information:

  • Over 70,000 Google searches are made every second (which translates to 6 billion per day)
  • Sites on the top position get 44.64% of the clicks
  • Opposite to what you’d expect, paid results in Google get only 6% of all clicks

Everybody knows that it’s good to rank in Google (even better to rank high), and these facts only hammer the point home further.

And how do you achieve high rankings in Google? So far, the best and the only way known to humanity is SEO. Its sole downside is that it takes time to get results…

Unless you start right now.

And if you do, then you’ll have a good shot at placing your site on the page #1 in the year 2019.

So what are we waiting for? Let’s begin.

Chapter 1: Keyword research and optimization

The role of keywords is to ensure your site can be found in Google; be sure to pick them carefully. Explore as many keyword options as possible before you choose the best ones for optimization.

Not all keywords will be equally useful, and you will have more luck with some of them than with others. How do you pick the useful ones? The trick is to find keywords that get a lot of searches and aren’t used by competitors you can’t hope to beat. Only SEO tools can help you there.

Short-tail keywords (made of one or two words) are safe to rule out as too competitive. However, you can use them as a basis to find less competitive keywords: mid-tail and long-tail. Type your keyword ideas into the tool and press Search, then choose the most suitable options from the list. Aim for the ones with the most Google global searches.

What should you NOT do with keywords?

  • Don’t stuff. Stuffing is oversaturating your content with keywords to the point it no longer looks natural. Example of keyword stuffing: If you’re thinking of buying a custom cigar humidor, please contact our custom cigar humidor specialists at custom.cigar.humidors@example.com.
  • Don’t cannibalize. It means optimizing multiple pages for the same keywords. How would you like it if Google couldn’t rank your site pages correctly? That’s what happens when you cannibalize.

When a website is easy to navigate – that is, when you can browse it without getting disoriented and can find the page you need without trouble – it’s a mark of good user experience. Additionally, it ensures Google can crawl and index all pages on your site.

How can you accomplish this?

Efficient site structure

We are all used to browsing the Internet and using its websites. It goes without saying that there must be links between website pages (unless there’s just a single page), or else it becomes nearly impossible to use the site. That’s not the only reason to connect pages, though: Google uses links to crawl and index your site, which makes them essential for achieving high rankings.

But simply interlinking your pages isn’t enough. They need to be connected in an organized fashion.

SEO Efficient site structure
SEO Efficient site structure

This is the tried and tested plan of organizing websites:

  • Home page, the main one which links to category pages and is linked to by all other pages;
  • Category pages, which link to individual pages and collect them into groups;
  • Individual pages, which have the actual content you want to show to users.

Depending on how much content you have on your site and the complexity of its organization, there may be more subcategory pages or even no category pages at all.

This manner of structuring kills two birds with one stone. It gives users an easy way to find and understand content on your site, and it enables the flow of authority from the home page to your most important pages, maximizing their rankings. But even a structure like this can be made less efficient if you don’t follow a few more simple rules:

  • Use anchor texts with keywords. When Google crawls links, it looks at the words in their anchor texts and associates them with the linked pages, treating them as keywords. Then those pages can rank for those keywords.
  • Don’t have orphaned pages. A page is called orphaned if no other site page links to it. Because of that, its rankings may be low, or it might not be indexed at all.
  • Don’t have dead-end pages. A dead-end page has no links to other pages and gives them no authority, which doesn’t help with their rankings.

Navigation bar

This bar normally includes links to all important pages on your site, such as the home page, the “contact us” page, the “about us” page and others. Online stores often put in dropdown menus with categories and subcategories for their products; other websites with a lot of pages practice the same approach.

A navigation bar is usually put at the top or the left side of the page.

Navigation Bar
Navigation Bar

Footer bar

Footer bars perform the same function as navigation bars, but they are at the bottom of the page and tend to have many more links. Why is that? This is done to keep the navigation bar compact and simple, or it would be too cluttered and bring down the user experience.

In other words, use the footer bar for the links you don’t put in the navigation bar, but still deem important to have.

Footer Bar
Footer Bar

Chapter 3: Mobile optimization

The mobile share of worldwide user traffic keeps growing, taking more and more from the desktop percentage. Websites are adapting to this change by optimizing themselves for mobile devices. Not only will there be more mobile-friendly sites, but the quality of mobile user experience will keep improving, too.

Jump on the bandwagon by doing the following:

  • Implement a responsive design that will automatically adjust content to the screen.
  • Reduce your images’ file sizes by manually setting their height and width, saving them in the most optimal format and compressing them.
  • Keep your page load time to a minimum.
  • Minimize the HTML, CSS, JavaScript and other code on your pages.

And while we are at it, here are some don’ts in mobile optimization:

  • Don’t use popups that obstruct the entire screen or a big chunk of it.
  • Don’t put elements on the pages too closely (such as lines and paragraphs of texts, images, buttons). Leave some room between them.

Chapter 4: Local SEO

Can the Internet help your business even if you aren’t selling anything online? Of course it can. A website is like a TV commercial or a newspaper advertisement, but much better. Many businesses have figured out how to use it effectively, and it would be a waste for you not to join in.

A website can easily make your would-be customers show up at your doorstep. If you want many of them to show up, it can only be done through local SEO.

Find location-based keywords

First, your website needs to be optimized for location-based keywords. As the name suggests, they are phrased with a place in mind and include words like “where”, “near me” and “in (city)” (for example, “where to buy a bicycle”). Fortunately, the abnormalities end here; these keywords work like any other in every possible way.

Create listings on Google My Business and other directories

You can consider your local SEO a success when you start appearing in Google’s 3-pack – the three results under Google Maps. Those are the most clicked results. Naturally, there are a few hoops to jump through before you can get one of those spots.

In order to be in the 3-pack, you will need to create a listing in Google My Business.

Create listings on Google My Business and other directories
Create listings on Google My Business and other directories

Registering your business at GMB will also place you on Google Maps, which is another huge plus and a must-do in local SEO.

Google My Business isn’t the only site where you can – and should – create a listing. There are plenty of business directories (such as Yelp and Pissed Consumer) where people look for services completely without Google’s help. A word of warning: they need to be thematically related to your site. If a directory specializes in restaurants and hotels, you shouldn’t register a plumber firm there.

The information you enter in your listing is also extremely important. There are three things people need to know about a business to find it: name, address and phone number. This trinity is called NAP, and you should make sure it’s always correct and consistent across all the listings you may have.

Build backlinks from local sites

Business directories make for a good supply of backlinks, but why stop there? You would do just as well, if not even better, if you find some local websites where users will be eager to click on your link. It helps when someone from the local community vouches for you, after all.

Collect positive customer reviews

If you run a business, always give users the option to leave a review on your site.

Customers trust each other’s opinions. If the majority is on your side, more customers will want to do business with you; conversely, too many bad votes will ruin you. Be great at what you do, be loved by your customers and don’t hesitate to ask them to leave a review.

Use structured data

When a website stands out in search results, it gets more clicks than other, less eye-catching sites. You must have seen Google results that look like this:

Use structured data
Use structured data

Looks tempting, doesn’t it? You can get all this for your own site, too. In order to make it more eye-catching, use structured data (or schema markup) on its pages.

Structured data works by marking up certain parts of your pages’ code. It tells Google what exactly those parts are, which lets it display additional bits in search results: open hours, address, telephone number, number of customer reviews and many others. Schema.org is the most popular structured data vocabulary, but it can be used in tandem with others.

Track your local rankings

Ultimately, you will want to check how well you are ranking after doing local SEO. If you own a local business, don’t make a mistake and track your site’s global rankings; you need local rankings. Fortunately, this mistake is easy to avoid with the right SEO tools.

Let’s do some quick calculations first:

  • Over 50% of all Google searches are mobile.
  • Voice searches are 20% of that.
  • Therefore, voice searches make up roughly 10% of all Google searches, give or take.

This might not seem like a lot – “merely” dozens of millions of searches a day compared to billions, but it’s a rapidly growing trend. The number is expected to be much higher in the very near future: 50% of all searches by 2020. If you can optimize your site for voice search before this gigantic wave hits, you’ll be among the early birds.

What can you do?

  • Optimize your site for long-tail question keywords which start with words like who, what, why, where, when and how. For local SEO, you can also use phrases containing words near me and the location’s name.
  • Follow up those questions with answers. Voice search results usually aren’t very long (around 30 words), but are still concise enough to answer the questions.
  • Optimize your content to appear in featured snippets and quick answers. Voice search takes the result from the very top, which sometimes is Position 0. Ranking first is no longer enough!
  • Increase your domain authority by building links from reputable sources. Avoid low-quality backlinks.
The number of voice searches is expected to be much higher in the very near future
The number of voice searches is expected to be much higher in the very near future

Chapter 6: Page loading speed

A low page load time has always been good for user experience – and therefore, for rankings. But now it’s a direct Google ranking factor. No doubt there will be many more fast-loading websites thanks to this change. The real question is, will your site be one of them?

There are plenty of ways to cut down your page load time. For a greater effect, you will need to implement as many as you can.

  • Optimize your images. Almost every image can lose a few kilobytes without hurting its quality.
  • Simplify page code. A poorly-coded page with excessive lines will take longer to load than a well-coded one.
  • Use the Accelerated Mobile Pages plugin. AMP works by cutting away all the excessive code, significantly decreasing page load time. Use AMP only if the pages will still work properly with it.
  • Host your site on a fast server. It may be expensive, but it’s worth the price. Content delivery networks (CDNs) are also a good option.
  • Merge elements. More objects on a page means more requests to send to the server. Combine elements like images, CSS stylesheets and JS scripts when possible to send fewer requests.

Chapter 7: Search intent-oriented content

A usual Google search looks like this:

Search intent-oriented content
Search intent-oriented content

Obviously, your goal is to be found by your target audience. You want the users to choose you and avoid the paths where they don’t. There are two ways you can fail:

A. Users find your site, aren’t satisfied by its content and bounce off;

B. Your site doesn’t even show up in search for the user’s chosen keyword.

See, one of Google’s major goals is to give users the best content there is (hence all the algorithm updates). That’s why ranking on page #1, while an accomplishment in itself, is not enough. Your true objective is to be the site that Google will recommend.

And the key to that is content that is designed both to look good and to be the best at helping your audience.

So how do you prepare this kind of content?

1. Get in the right mindset. Users have problems they want to solve; your job is to give them solutions.

2. Put yourself in your users’ shoes. Do the searcher’s journey as shown in the graph and check out the competing results.

3. Answer these questions:

  • Which of those results would the users want to find? Why?
  • Which would they reject and why?

4. Write down the strengths you want your content to have and the weaknesses you want to avoid.

5. Make a list of all possible search queries your target audience would use. Try to include even the ones with low search volume in your content.

6. Try going further. Sometimes answers lead to even more questions; what new and important questions could your users have when they find you? Be sure to answer those, too.

7. And now that you know how to make your content truly special, proceed to create it.

You know your audience like no one else does. The more you try to fulfil their needs, the more attempts will hit the jackpot. Refine your predictions, and your site will never meaninglessly occupy Google’s top ranking positions – instead, it will dominate them.

Chapter 8: The use of social media

Sometimes you want to go
Where everybody knows your name
And they’re always glad you came…

It wouldn’t be fair not to mention social media. It has proven to be a powerful asset in connecting with an audience time and time again. What exactly does social media do for you?

  • More user traffic. Each social platform can be an extra source of traffic to your site.
  • More exposure. People spend a lot of time on social media, and they get exposed to all kinds of content. That’s why it’s so important to be present there. Social media is suited the best for making websites and brands famous.
  • Bonding with the audience. Customer support and reviews are only the tip of the iceberg. Social media lets you talk to users in a very relaxed manner and get to know each other.
  • Connecting with influencers. You can get your site a huge popularity boost if you manage to catch an influencer’s attention.

Remember to track mentions of your brand, both in social media and on other sites. It’s extremely important to know what people say about you: negative feedback can be a great opportunity to improve yourself. And if it gets really bad, you might have to smooth the situation out before it gets worse.

Chapter 9: Technical audit

In most cases, site errors or lack thereof don’t directly affect your rankings. However, it’s certain that they may seriously hurt your user experience, and Google will never overlook that. Don’t provoke the sleeping beast; get rid of the errors on your site as soon as you notice them. In order to do that, you need to scan your site for errors first.

Some of those errors may be the direct result of faulty SEO. Here are a few examples:

  • Broken links
  • Missing TITLE, META description, H1 tags
  • Broken images
  • Lack of a sitemap
  • Unindexed pages

Chapter 10: Competitor research

Beating the competition is the goal of any marketing strategy plan that’s worth its salt. There are many angles to tackle it from, and one of them is related to SEO: online competitor research. It can be summarized in three steps:

  • Finding websites that directly compete with yours
  • Analyzing their user experience and SEO performance
  • Improving your own user experience and SEO performance

However, doing all these steps manually takes too long, and the end result turns out to be not worth the effort made. If you want to beat your online competition faster and more efficiently, use SEO tools designed for this task. Where to begin?

  1. Find your direct competitors
  2. Compare their site rankings to yours
  3. Look up their backlinks
  4. Social citations

Source: WebCEO