AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate SAA-C02 Exam Questions and Answers – Page 2

The latest AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate SAA-C02 certification actual real practice exam question and answer (Q&A) dumps are available free, which are helpful for you to pass the AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate SAA-C02 exam and earn AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate SAA-C02 certification.

AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Associate SAA-C02 Exam Questions and Answers

Exam Question 161

A solutions architect is moving the static content from a public website hosted on Amazon EC2 instances to an Amazon S3 bucket. An Amazon CloudFront distribution will be used to deliver the static assets. The security group used by the EC2 instances restricts access to a limited set of IP ranges. Access to the static content should be similarly restricted.

Which combination of steps will meet these requirements? (Choose two.)

A. Create an origin access identity (OAI) and associate it with the distribution. Change the permissions in the bucket policy so that only the OAI can read the objects.
B. Create an AWS WAF web ACL that includes the same IP restrictions that exist in the EC2 security group. Associate this new web ACL with the CloudFront distribution.
C. Create a new security group that includes the same IP restrictions that exist in the current EC2 security group. Associate this new security group with the CloudFront distribution.
D. Create a new security group that includes the same IP restrictions that exist in the current EC2 security group. Associate this new security group with the S3 bucket hosting the static content.
E. Create a new IAM role and associate the role with the distribution. Change the permissions either on the S3 bucket or on the files within the S3 bucket so that only the newly created IAM role has read and download permissions.

Correct Answer:
A. Create an origin access identity (OAI) and associate it with the distribution. Change the permissions in the bucket policy so that only the OAI can read the objects.
B. Create an AWS WAF web ACL that includes the same IP restrictions that exist in the EC2 security group. Associate this new web ACL with the CloudFront distribution.

Exam Question 162

A company recently launched its website to serve content to its global user base. The company wants to store and accelerate the delivery of static content to its users by leveraging Amazon CloudFront with an Amazon EC2 instance attached as its origin.

How should a solutions architect optimize high availability for the application?

A. Use [email protected] for CloudFront.
B. Use Amazon S3 Transfer Acceleration for CloudFront.
C. Configure another EC2 instance in a different Availability Zone as part of the origin group.
D. Configure another EC2 instance as part of the origin server cluster in the same Availability Zone.

Correct Answer:
A. Use [email protected] for CloudFront.

Exam Question 163

A company has created an isolated backup of its environment in another Region. The application is running in warm standby mode and is fronted by an Application Load Balancer (ALB). The current failover process is manual and requires updating a DNS alias record to point to the secondary ALB in another Region. What should a solutions architect do to automate the failover process?

A. Enable an ALB health check
B. Enable an Amazon Route 53 health check.
C. Crate an CNAME record on Amazon Route 53 pointing to the ALB endpoint.
D. Create conditional forwarding rules on Amazon Route 53 pointing to an internal BIND DNS server.

Correct Answer:
C. Crate an CNAME record on Amazon Route 53 pointing to the ALB endpoint.

References:

Exam Question 164

A company relies on an application that needs at least 4 Amazon EC2 instances during regular traffic and must scale up to 12 EC2 instances during peak loads. The application is critical to the business and must be highly available.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

A. Deploy the EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group. Set the minimum to 4 and the maximum to 12, with 2 in Availability Zone A and 2 in Availability Zone B.
B. Deploy the EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group. Set the minimum to 4 and the maximum to 12, with all 4 in Availability Zone A.
C. Deploy the EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group. Set the minimum to 8 and the maximum to 12, with 4 in Availability Zone A and 4 in Availability Zone B.
D. Deploy the EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group. Set the minimum to 8 and the maximum to 12, with all 8 in Availability Zone A.

Correct Answer:
C. Deploy the EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group. Set the minimum to 8 and the maximum to 12, with 4 in Availability Zone A and 4 in Availability Zone B.

Exam Question 165

A solutions architect must design a solution for a persistent database that is being migrated from on-premises to AWS. The database requires 64,000 IOPS according to the database administrator. If possible, the database administrator wants to use a single Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volume to host the database instance.

Which solution effectively meets the database administrator’s criteria?

A. Use an instance from the I3 I/O optimized family and leverage local ephemeral storage to achieve the IOPS requirement.
B. Create an Nitro-based Amazon EC2 instance with an Amazon EBS Provisioned IOPS SSD (io1) volume attached. Configure the volume to have 64,000 IOPS.
C. Create and map an Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS) volume to the database instance and use the volume to achieve the required IOPS for the database.
D. Provision two volumes and assign 32,000 IOPS to each. Create a logical volume at the operating system level that aggregates both volumes to achieve the IOPS requirements.

Correct Answer:
B. Create an Nitro-based Amazon EC2 instance with an Amazon EBS Provisioned IOPS SSD (io1) volume attached. Configure the volume to have 64,000 IOPS.

Exam Question 166

A company recently deployed a two-tier application in two Availability Zones in the us-east-1 Region. The databases are deployed in a private subnet while the web servers are deployed in a public subnet. An internet gateway is attached to the VPC. The application and database run on Amazon EC2 instances. The database servers are unable to access patches on the internet. A solutions architect needs to design a solution that maintains database security with the least operational overhead.

Which solution meets these requirements?

A. Deploy a NAT gateway inside the public subnet for each Availability Zone and associate it with an Elastic IP address. Update the routing table of the private subnet to use it as the default route.
B. Deploy a NAT gateway inside the private subnet for each Availability Zone and associate it with an Elastic IP address. Update the routing table of the private subnet to use it as the default route.
C. Deploy two NAT instances inside the public subnet for each Availability Zone and associate them with Elastic IP addresses. Update the routing table of the private subnet to use it as the default route.
D. Deploy two NAT instances inside the private subnet for each Availability Zone and associate them with Elastic IP addresses. Update the routing table of the private subnet to use it as the default route.

Correct Answer:
A. Deploy a NAT gateway inside the public subnet for each Availability Zone and associate it with an Elastic IP address. Update the routing table of the private subnet to use it as the default route.

Answer Description:
VPC with public and private subnets (NAT)

The configuration for this scenario includes a virtual private cloud (VPC) with a public subnet and a private subnet. We recommend this scenario if you want to run a public-facing web application, while maintaining back-end servers that aren’t publicly accessible. A common example is a multi-tier website, with the web servers in a public subnet and the database servers in a private subnet. You can set up security and routing so that the web servers can communicate with the database servers.

The instances in the public subnet can send outbound traffic directly to the Internet, whereas the instances in the private subnet can’t. Instead, the instances in the private subnet can access the Internet by using a network address translation (NAT) gateway that resides in the public subnet. The database servers can connect to the Internet for software updates using the NAT gateway, but the Internet cannot establish connections to the database servers.

References:

Exam Question 167

A solutions architect needs to design a low-latency solution for a static single-page application accessed by users utilizing a custom domain name. The solution must be serverless, encrypted in transit, and cost-effective.

Which combination of AWS services and features should the solutions architect use? (Choose two.)

A. Amazon S3
B. Amazon EC2
C. AWS Fargate
D. Amazon CloudFront
E. Elastic Load Balancer

Correct Answer:
A. Amazon S3
D. Amazon CloudFront

Exam Question 168

A company has migrated an on-premises Oracle database to an Amazon RDS for Oracle Multi-AZ DB instance in the us-east-l Region. A solutions architect is designing a disaster recovery strategy to have the database provisioned in the us-west-2 Region in case the database becomes unavailable in the us-east-1 Region. The design must ensure the database is provisioned in the us-west-2 Region in a maximum of 2 hours, with a data loss window of no more than 3 hours.

How can these requirements be met?

A. Edit the DB instance and create a read replica in us-west-2. Promote the read replica to master in us-west-2 in case the disaster recovery environment needs to be activated.
B. Select the multi-Region option to provision a standby instance in us-west-2. The standby instance will be automatically promoted to master in us-west-2 in case the disaster recovery environment needs to be created.
C. Take automated snapshots of the database instance and copy them to us-west-2 every 3 hours. Restore the latest snapshot to provision another database instance in us-west-2 in case the disaster recovery environment needs to be activated.
D. Create a multimaster read/write instances across multiple AWS Regions Select VPCs in us-east-1 and us-west-2 to make that deployment. Keep the master read/write instance in us-west-2 available to avoid having to activate a disaster recovery environment.

Correct Answer:
A. Edit the DB instance and create a read replica in us-west-2. Promote the read replica to master in us-west-2 in case the disaster recovery environment needs to be activated.

Exam Question 169

A monolithic application was recently migrated to AWS and is now running on a single Amazon EC2 instance. Due to application limitations, it is not possible to use automatic scaling to scale out the application. The chief technology officer (CTO) wants an automated solution to restore the EC2 instance in the unlikely event the underlying hardware fails.

What would allow for automatic recovery of the EC2 instance as quickly as possible?

A. Configure an Amazon CloudWatch alarm that triggers the recovery of the EC2 instance if it becomes impaired.
B. Configure an Amazon CloudWatch alarm to trigger an SNS message that alerts the CTO when the EC2 instance is impaired.
C. Configure AWS CloudTrail to monitor the health of the EC2 instance, and if it becomes impaired, trigger instance recovery.
D. Configure an Amazon EventBridge event to trigger an AWS Lambda function once an hour that checks the health of the EC2 instance and triggers instance recovery if the EC2 instance is unhealthy.

Correct Answer:
A. Configure an Amazon CloudWatch alarm that triggers the recovery of the EC2 instance if it becomes impaired.

References:

Exam Question 170

Application developers have noticed that a production application is very slow when business reporting users run large production reports against the Amazon RDS instance backing the application. The CPU and memory utilization metrics for the RDS instance do not exceed 60% while the reporting queries are running.

The business reporting users must be able to generate reports without affecting the application’s performance.

Which action will accomplish this?

A. Increase the size of the RDS instance.
B. Create a read replica and connect the application to it.
C. Enable multiple Availability Zones on the RDS instance.
D. Create a read replica and connect the business reports to it.

Correct Answer:
D. Create a read replica and connect the business reports to it.